Internet of Things: Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems

Internet of Things: Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems


Srividhya "Internet of Things: Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems" Published in International Journal of Trend in Research and Development (IJTRD), ISSN: 2394-9333, Special Issue | NCIRCC-17 , April 2017, URL:

Internet of Things is an area of improvement and growth. As anembodiment the next step in the Internet of Things advancement will be the consistency of efforts on all levels towards novelty. The Internet of Things continues to assert its important position in the context of Information and Communication Technologies and the progress of society. Whereas concepts and basic foundations have been elaborated and reached maturity, further efforts are necessary for unleashing the full potential. Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept and a paradigm that considers pervasive presence in the environment of a variety of things/objects that through wireless and wired connections and unique addressing schemes are able to interact with each other and cooperate with other things/objects to create new applications/services and reach common goals. Internet of Things has exponentially increased the scale and complexity of computing and communication systems. Autonomy is thus an imperative property for IOT systems. IOT technologies improve industrial manufacturing processes, enable new and efficient ways to operate production plants, create new service or supervision means for industrial installations, offer an optimized infrastructure, reduce operational cost or improve human safety in industrial areas. Robustness, standardization, easy installation, con- figuration and servicing are essential to keep IoT systems operational and hence offering value for the industry operation and services. One specific challenge in IoT is the control of the information collected and distributed by mobile devices which are increasingly small and pervasive like RFID or future micro-nano sensors, which can be worn or distributed in the environment. The Internet of the Future will be an essential part of the knowledge society and will provide new information-based business. The usage of the Internet of Things for large-scale, partially mission-critical systems creates the need to address trust and security functions adequately. Technically speaking IoT is mainly supported by continuous progress in wireless sensor networks software applications and by manufacturing low cost and energy efficient hardware for sensor and device communications. However, heterogeneity of underlying devices and communication technologies and interoperability in different layers, from communication and seamless integration of devices to interoperability of data generated by the IoT resources, is a challenge for expanding generic IoT solutions to a global scale. Ubiquitous computing has seen a shift from a computer-centric model, where one computer would be used by at least one person, to a user-centric one, with several computers surrounding a single person providing them information, services and applications. Thus, the foundations of the Internet of Things (the IoT) were established.

Internet of Things, RFID, Autonomic Computing, Ubiquitous Computing

Special Issue | NCIRCC-17 , April 2017


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